In this post, we analyze hiking and trekking activities in the mountain in an appropriate way. When approaching to carry out activities in the natural environment, Differences Between Hiking and Trekking & Equipment difference and you will find a great variety of options according to the means where you do them, your level of expertise, knowledge, or hobbies. In the same way, you also need suitable equipment for hiking and trekking, and it is essential.
As for the activities in the mountains, you can distinguish climbing with all its disciplines. When facing a trip to the mountain, it will be essential to know what type of activity you are going to carry out to assess.
In the post, we will talk about hiking and trekking activities that you can do in the mountains according to your level of knowledge, experience in this environment, or the equipment and equipment for hiking and trekking.
- 1 Trekking
- 2 Hiking
- 3 Healthy Tips for Trekking and Hiking
- 4 Which one is better? Hiking or Trekking?
- 5 Hiking Benefits
The word trekking comes from the term ‘ trek ‘ coined in the ’80s. This word began to be used by climbers who tried their luck in the Himalayan and South American mountain ranges.
Trekking was the word with which they referred to the necessary walking journeys to reach the foundations of the mountains, to the place of installation of the first base camp just before starting the actual climbing.
When you practice trekking, you will find different degrees of difficulty, depending on the type of route. There are routes for inexperienced people and routes for highly prepared people, with a high level of difficulty that requires good physical preparation. In general, low difficulty routes are temporarily framed on the same day and on more or less flat terrain.
Characteristic for trekking
- All kinds of trails in high mountain areas. Also routes without trails or paths
- The difficulty of trekking is Medium and High
- Duration of routes require several days to complete
- Material with more technical and allows to adapt to possible inclement weather
- Used backpack of 40-60 liters capacity
The medium difficulty implies a broader time horizon, with the possibility of spending more than one-night camping. You can find certain steep slopes, and the duration of the trip forces you to carry a backpack with more weight for carrying everything necessary to spend the night in the field.
Read more: 20 Best Places to Trek in 2019
For a route of great difficulty, it is necessary to have experience and a minimum of physical preparation. It is essential to carry a piece of complete equipment that includes, among many other things, tent, sleeping bag, heaters, an abundant amount of food, hypercaloric and if possible and if the terrain is not known to have an experienced guide in the area.
Tips for Trekking
- Improve your physical condition if you intend to do some trekking for several days. Make sure you are physically prepared. Make small day treks to get used to the body to walk in nature. This will ensure that you can give everything on the longest routes.
- It is vital that you inform yourself previously about the route you want to do. The difficulty, kilometers of the route, the unevenness, if you have areas of special care or danger. The Internet is a great tool to do it, but it is best to ask local people in the area or at a nearby tourist office.
- It is very important that you know what the weather is going to be during your trekking tour, either one or several days. Especially in the mountains, weather conditions may vary in a matter of hours. Knowing the weather forecast in advance, you can save some fright than another.
For trekking, you will use the nature and the accidents that you find in it to make the routes that you will set and that are not predetermined as it happens with hiking. This activity can be combined with camping and stays in the middle of nature since, on many occasions, and you will reach remote places where it is necessary to spend the night.
In order to carry out this activity, prior knowledge of the area in which you are going to move or at least some about survival is necessary. Therefore it is not an activity that can be carried out by any and at any time.
When running in wild places, the risk increases, and it is therefore important that you are in good shape to carry it out because the activity can last several days. Therefore, the equipment that you must carry with you will be very different than the one you are going to use for trekking.
Appropriate trekking clothes
It is important that you wear the right clothes and shoes. It must be comfortable clothes and if it is breathable, the better. Footwear that is also comfortable and waterproof, with a good sole for better grip on slippery terrain. In addition, if they are high cane to protect the ankles from possible sprains better.
It is important to wear the appropriate clothes because the movements when trekking are usually abrupt because you go from the normal step to the stride to climb slopes.
Therefore it is necessary that the clothes you wear are comfortable but not too baggy since you can get hooked on any branch or projection of rock. There are elastic garments on the market that perfectly fit the body and its movements, becoming a second skin.
It is very important that the clothes are not made of cotton completely since they must perspire but not soak up with sweat. If you stop, you can not cool.
Make sure that the camping equipment you carry is suitable for the place you are going to travel to. The tent must withstand the amount of rain and wind of the place, and the sleeping bags must be suitable for the nighttime outside temperature.
Do not take a bag with a temperature limit of 10 C to a place where there is -5 C at night, and you will be very cold and put your physical integrity at risk.
You have to calculate very well the weight that you will carry during the start. You cannot be Doraemon with your magic pocket, and you have to be a real strategist with your backpack, know what to wear and what not to, as if it were the Tetris. Going lighter means getting less tired, and being positive, even in a better mood.
Wear some kind of poncho or protective coat or a good raincoat to avoid having to walk on wet with a backpack, and you can get to have hypothermia. Also, take care that your backpack does not get wet. There are waterproof covers for them.
Even if you think the sun does not hit because it is cloudy or cold, it is better to protect yourself from it. Wears a cap for the head, as well as sun and lip protection. And good sunglasses to take care of your eyes. Above all, in the high mountains, the reflection of the sun in the snow is very harmful.
Hiking is a very rewarding activity that you will love and practice whenever you have the opportunity. It puts you in direct contact with nature. There are countless roads and hiking trails, and on most of these trails, it is not necessary to be a mountaineer or an expert climber. On the other hand, there are other routes where the level of difficulty is higher.
Whatever the route you are going to take and the days you are going to take it, it is always necessary to follow some minimum safety guidelines not to take any fright and that the only thing you have to worry about is enjoying the breathtaking views and of nature
Hiking consists in the realization of walking routes along marked and/or approved paths, in a non-competitive way. One of its goals is the knowledge of the natural environment and cultural heritage of the area in which it is practiced, and therefore it can be said that it is a symbiosis between sport, culture and the environment. It has been shown that hiking brings multiple benefits to people.
Characteristic for hiking:
- Marked trails in the middle-lower mountains
- The difficulty of hiking is Easy and Medium
- Duration of routes can be completed in one day
- Material with planned and necessary during the day
- Used backpack of 20-30 liters capacity
Hiking implies a greater physical effort, the routes along which the walks run do not exist as such, and it is the hikers who create or find them. Hiking is practiced on all types of terrain from mountains, forests, jungles, coasts, canyons, rivers, caverns, etc. It is an ideal activity to practice in conjunction with other ecological tourism activities.
The main difference in hiking or trekking activity with respect to trekking is the degree of difficulty and the paths through which it develops.
The hiking is a relaxing activity, and although there are several difficulties are often made the routes well-marked paths or roads, rural use also can count stops, shelters, or hotel accommodation along the way. The main objective of hiking is to connect people with the natural environment and rural areas and cultures.
Tips for Hiking:
- Prepare good dinner the day before will start the next day with well-charged batteries. For the same reason, start hydrating well the day before starting the route.
- That friends, family, or someone has knowledge of what your tour will be. Thus, in case of an accident or loss, someone can give notice to the competent authorities to proceed to the rescue.
- If your hiking route is going to last two or more days, you should plan it even better. You must bring enough food and water for the route days. In addition, you must wear the appropriate camping clothes and equipment. The temperature at night in the middle of nature, especially in the mountains and deserts, can drop several degrees.
As in hiking, it is necessary that you wear several layers of clothing to adapt to different weather changes. If you are going to spend several days, you can wear several types of clothes to change these days.
The backpack you are going to carry will be bigger and equipped with water to keep you hydrated the days you are going to be out. Along with this, it is necessary to bring energetic and light food-focused on-mountain activities.
The use of canes is recommended to strengthen the tread better and avoid injury. Using a knife or razor to cut branches or plants, like a rope to tie things, will be some of the objects that you recommend to take when hiking.
In the case of overnight in full nature, what recommend is to take with hiking equipment to do it as tents and sleeping bags. In this way, you will get the most out of this activity.
A recommendation when hiking is that you manage to control where you are at all times. For this, there are maps and routes made by previous people who have developed this activity.
This will guide you, but in spite of everything, the use of a compass so as not to mislead or deviate from your course at any time.
Both activities are very good to develop in rest days, and what better way to enjoy this time of year. It is simply important that you keep in mind hiking equipment, which requires less physical and technical preparation than trekking Something you should know and keep in mind at all times.
Do not skimp on water, and it is the only resource that is vital, even above food. During the hiking, you lose a lot of water due to sweating.
Dehydration is one of the biggest risks; lack of water can make you disoriented or even kill you. Keep this in mind, especially if you are hiking in the desert or very hot areas, where dehydration will be greater, and the chances of finding natural water are scarce.
Always carry a small first aid kit with the basics.
- Gauze, bandages, tape, and disinfectants for wounds
- Twist Band
- Sterilized gloves
- Small scissors
- Paper stitches
- Anti-inflammatory and analgesics
- Physiological serum to clean wounds
- An oral serum envelope to replenish minerals if you have decomposition
There are apps to download offline maps where you do not need an Internet connection to consult them and know your location. Some of these apps have the main hiking trails marked. If you are going to do long hiking, you should carry a map of the area, a GPS or a compass so you can orient yourself during the tour.
One of the fundamental tips today to have fun and safe hiking is to venture on the route using a GPS. The issue that does not imply greater expense, since you can download an app.
Using a GPS optimized for hiking will allow you to study the areas to travel. The GPS can indicate the level of altitude that a mountain can represent, to the point of giving you an idea of the cost in time to climb to its top.
The GPS system gives you a satellite map that always indicates the position you are in, as well as the points of interest that can get your attention.
A good hiking route usually crosses small towns, where the Middle Ages still resist modernization, as is the case with many routes in the world. Therefore, if you rely on a GPS for your trip, be sure that you can visit these places without fear of losing yourself.
They are fundamental when it comes to hiking. They will help you distribute the weights better throughout the body and relieve the burden on your knees and legs. You will also help yourself on unstable terrain or on large slopes. Near Natural Parks you will probably find where to rent them, although it is better that you have your own.
When choosing a backpack, you must take into account the following aspects: check that the length of the back is identical to yours.
There should be no gaps between the shoulder pad and shoulders. You have to be able to move your head freely, the lumbar belt has to rest on the iliac crests/hip area, and the lowest part of the backpack could not be too close to the lower limit of the buttocks.
Choose a backpack that conveys comfort. Observe the porting system shoulder pads, general padding, and lumbar belt. Too soft shoulder pads will stick to your shoulders or neck.
In large-capacity backpacks, it will be important that they have tapes to compress the load and that it does not move when you are moving, generating movements that can cause us to lose your balance.
Once loaded and put on, you should notice the weight on the area since 70% of the weight you carry on this area since your hips load on the legs and are a very strong pillar of your body. 30% of the remaining weight will rest on the shoulders.
It is very important for the equipment and material for hiking and trekking that you are going to use on your trips to the mountain will allow you to have a good experience.
Depending on the type of activity that you are going to carry out, the duration of the weather, and the terrain through which you are going to travel, you will have to equip yourself with one type of material or another or with more or less equipment.
If we are aware of taking the right thing for each situation and using it correctly, you will live better experiences, and you will go safer to the mountains.
Footwear is another important part that you must take care of when hiking, since the boots you choose must be resistant, specially made for walking through wild terrain.
Sneakers may be a good option, but it is not the right one since they are mostly designed for the race. The most important thing is that the sole of the boot is a bit stiff and has a good drawing that avoids slipping.
The ideal material is the skin because it breathes better and its height must grip the ankle well since one of the most common injuries in hiking is the sprained ankle when unstable terrain is traversed.
It is also important to choose models that have a good degree of impermeability, especially if you are going to make routes on trails with streams or on rainy days.
Healthy Tips for Trekking and Hiking
While traveling for trekking and hiking, keep your health in your mind. Be aware of what your limitations are. If you feel fatigued, stop, and take a breath.
If you see that your condition does not allow you to reach your goal, consider returning. It will always be better than suffering other consequences. In addition, you can always try another time. Do not overstrain.
In many cases, trekking and hiking routes are made in Natural Parks. Ask the park rangers about the conditions of the route or the weather; they better than anyone knows the place and will give you the best advice. In the same way, ask and share information with other walkers who cross your path.
Most official trails usually have some type of signage to follow them. They can be colored marks on rocks and logs, signaling milestones, piled stones, etc.
But you must also pay attention to the signs and characteristics of the terrain to be able to use them as reference points in case of loss. Even if you’ve informed yourself of the weather before, always be aware of possible changes.
If you see that the thing is starting to get ugly, it may be better to consider returning or looking for shelter. Security before everything. Be careful also with the fog, and it can make you lose all references and completely disorient you.
Attention to sudden storms, especially in spring and summer. During these seasons, the weather can change rapidly. These storms can sometimes be very violent, both because of the intensity of the rain and lightning.
If there are less than 15 seconds between lightning and thunder, and every time is less time, you are in danger. Descend and get away from isolated trees, waterways, or grasslands where you only stand out.
You must take special care in the high mountains to heat stroke, altitude sickness, and extreme cold/hypothermia. Stay tuned for any of these symptoms, and if you start to feel them, hurry down the mountain.
Eat a snack periodically during the tour. Be it energy bars, some dried fruit, or a piece of fruit. They will make your batteries not discharge and continue the path full of energy.
Take special care with rain, in humid or slippery areas, with slopes or in areas of gorges or cliffs. Walk slowly, ensuring each step. Avoid unnecessary accidents.
Take your time to regain strength. Every hour or when you need for 5 minutes to rest, take advantage of these moments to eat a snack or nuts and to hydrate.
Be realistic with your fitness and plan the route according to your abilities. If you are not very fit, dedicate more hours or days to the journey respecting your pace.
It is not other that you inform yourself about the route and the unevenness that you will face. You should also check the weather forecast for health according to the weather you will find.
Do not wait to be thirsty to drink. Thirst is the body’s alarm against dehydration, so your body will appreciate constant hydration. With physical effort, you will need a minimum of 2 liters of water daily, and it can even be more in hot climates.
Protecting your head with a cap or hat reduces the risk of sunstroke. Headache, dizziness, and nausea are the first symptoms. If you feel them, rest in the shade, hydrate, and soak your head.
The sun’s rays can cause severe burns, especially if you are white skin or with light eyes and hair. Put on high-factor sun cream and remember to reapply throughout the exposed body every 2-3 hours.
Physical condition is the key to enjoying any excursion, especially if you are going to walk more than one day in a row. A physical evil will make you focus more on overexertion than on your surroundings. In addition, on the next day of physical activity, muscle aches will appear that may prevent you from continuing.
To achieve an optimal state, it is best to work on aerobic exercise on a regular basis, such as jogging or cycling. If your body has been subjected to intense physical activity, it will need more than ever to regenerate.
Sleep as many hours as possible. Alcohol intake or a heavy dinner can negatively interfere with a good rest.
Try that your step is constant and regular, without changes of pace, always attending to the signage and respectfully taking care of nature.
While hiking and trekking, breathe through your nose so that the air enters your body at the right temperature and humidity.
When resting, warm yourself well and hydrate with water or an isotonic drink. To replenish the expense of glucose and the loss of electrolytes, eat something that contains sugar, such as nuts, chocolate, or candy.
In the ascents, it takes a short step, and in the descents, it controls well where you put the foot. In many cases, telescopic poles can help us to lower or climb slopes, also reducing leg load by up to 20%. If you are regular in hiking and trekking, consider taking out accident insurance or feed yourself in a mountaineering association that covers accidents.
Which one is better? Hiking or Trekking?
Nature gives you that it allows you to receive some guidance from the Universe in the way of your lives, Hiking or Trekking road is full of surprises and opportunities and decisions to make. The signs can come to you in different ways, in people, in songs, or even in some movies, but also in nature.
Hiking or Trekking with nature is a way to connect with yourself, talk a little with your heart, and listen to the call of your spirit. For this, you have to choose the call of adventure. Leave your comfort zone a little and overcome the occasional challenge.
And what better that is also something that helps you improve your health, you burn calories and help your cardiovascular system! Among many other benefits that it gives you with the simple fact of moving away from the stress of the city.
Many nature lovers often confuse Hiking or Trekking or think it is the same, and their greatest difference lies in their intensity. Remember, if you practice Hiking or Trekking, you have to take care of the environment. Always carry equipment for your safety.
Hiking is a bit more touristy than trekking, the easiest way to get in touch with nature. It can be guided or self-guided, if the weather changes, it is easier to explore nature. In addition, the trails are made by humans themselves.
Hiking requires more physical effort since it is usually about places with unevenness. In hiking, it is very important to carry the essentials to survive a journey of several days in the mountains.
Here, if the weather changes, there is no option to return home easily. It is very important to do previous research on your adventure and have a route plan. Hiking is very practiced because of the level of difficulty, and as it is usually not very demanding, however, it is good to have an acceptable physical state, technically it is easier than trekking.
Although hiking is easy to practice, it is important to have a walking stick. The benefits of using these sticks are decreased fatigue, increases the speed of walking, and especially taking your steps are safe for the terrain that is not stable.
The health benefits of hiking you see reflected in the cardio-respiratory activity, this improves the quality of sleep, with only two hours a week of hiking you can obtain benefits for greeting, an invitation from Hiking is that you practice every day to improve your health and meet the best destinations.
The equipment necessary for hiking is varied and will depend on the difficulty of the trail. The main elements are a water bottle, enough liquid depending on the walk, sunscreen, hat, glasses, and sunscreen.
Also slippers and comfortable clothes for easy drying, insect repellent, warm clothes depending on the time of the year, and a classic: the aluminum cane or light wood.
People who practice hiking usually know incredible places, landscapes that you only see in magazines or photos by professionals, allows you to have a connection with nature, feel it and travel it throughout its territory, from climbing a rock or crossing the entire mountain and feeling that you are one with the natural world
Like all sports, it is necessary to have the right clothes and instruments for practice, and these implements help you to improve the performance and make the experience more comfortable, among the basic garments for the hiking.
Hiking is an activity closely related to camping and outdoor or outdoor activity. An activity that does not require much experience or training, but the strong will to want to venture to know landscapes, share with nature, and oxygenate with pure air.
Another important feature is that with hiking, you can visit populated areas, learn about the natural environment, heritage, and culture of the region. It is an activity that goes around easily accessible areas, suitable for going with the family, forest tracks, greenways, etc.
They are marches that take place during a day or in several staying in rural tourism houses and campsites. The most important thing before starting a hiking route is to have fed you well.
It is a long road to which you will spend hours traveling. A good hiking trip can last up to four continuous hours of hiking. Therefore, try to be well fed before you start.
Remember that hiking activity, and you must carry your good supplies. Whether water, fruits, or other groceries, equip yourself with a backpack of reserves to enjoy eating every certain period of time. This allows the march to be more entertaining and not lose strength with physical activity.
Another aspect of crucial importance, in the case of visiting remote areas and high mountains, is to carry a map that serves to guide you, although trekking routes in the world and Natural Parks around the world, offer a path very well signposted through which you will not get lost.
While hiking wears appropriate clothing and footwear for mountain activity: jacket, windbreaker, buffa, thermal blanket for emergencies, medium or high boots to protect the ankle, etc. It is also important that you inform yourself a little about the difficulty level of a trekking route and everything you have to discover.
Basically, hiking is the first activity that the mountaineer should do. This being the easy level in relation to mountain activities. Therefore, it is considered the anteroom to the practice of hiking, which is characterized as a much more demanding and intense activity.
If you want to venture into any of these two excursion modalities, but you still haven’t decided which option to choose, you arrived at the right place.
Thus, there is a wide gap that differentiates both hiking activities. Taking into account the requirements of each of these excursion activities, you will know which one is best for you to do.
That way, you will enjoy hiking activities to the fullest in a safer way. Also, always remember before any hiking activity, seek the help of a properly trained guide.
That way, you will have someone capable of orienting you when performing these activities.