The hiking is a great outdoor sport performed regularly by many people. In most cases, it arouses greater appreciation and respect for nature. It is the perfect weekend or even day activity to get away from the hustle and bustle of modern city life and has proven that it is an excellent way for friends and family to participate together in an activity.
Hiking can be defined as walks that take place mainly on trails and paths in natural parks or in places where you can have contact with nature. Sports activity is mixed with ecotourism because it develops mainly in natural environments.
Hiking is a sport in nature that, due to its simplicity, its low risk and being a low-cost activity, becomes an exercise suitable for many adventurous people. In the beginning, this physical activity was carried out exclusively by tourism agencies.
The practice can be carried out by anyone. The effort can be determined in several ways, such as the kilometers traveled and the difficulty of the terrain. Hiking is the easiest way to practice a sport having contact with nature; that’s why those of you who are hiking are passionate about the mountains.
You can define it as an ecotourism activity, due to the ability to reach places of different cultures and history. The contact with nature and the realization of physical activity is what characterizes hiking.
Another characteristic of hiking refers to the fact that it seeks the approach of people not only to nature but also to the knowledge of the culture of places, using communication routes, such as roads and trails, often centuries-old.
Hiking is one of those outdoor activities that does not require an exquisite set of physical abilities, except endurance and walking and some balance in some cases; It is true that following certain indications, your first experience in this sport can be much more enjoyable.
Tips for Hiking
The hiking particularly relates to long and demanding walks, made on established paths and tracks, not so far from civilization. Taking a walk outdoors for pleasure is a practice, associated with the nascent romanticism that implied a change in the way of seeing nature. Before that, outdoor walks were directly associated with poverty and even laziness.
Although it seems very obvious, the most important thing before doing a hiking route is to know very well the conditions of the route.
You must know very well where the route begins and ends, how many kilometers you will travel and how much time it takes, what is the difficulty level of the route, and if it is in good condition throughout its route. It is not advisable to undertake a route without having clear all these factors.
You must develop your skills, with manageable routes that you are familiar with at the beginning. Guides can help you tackle more difficult and less traveled paths. Start with simple routes and leave the difficult ones for when you have more experience.
You can find this hiking guide useful for your next adventure. A good guide will discover interesting excursions and places to visit. Surely for the area you want, you will have a list of hiking guides from classic hiking and travel guides to thematic travel guides specialized in hiking, mountains, and travel.
One of the most important aspects that you should take care of when planning your hiking is the route. The feet are the part of your body that suffers the most, so you don’t use any footwear, but you must opt for a mountain, with a certain thickness in the sole, that avoids possible slips and is breathable and waterproof.
Also, the ideal is that the boots are high, to better protect your ankles from any sprains. In case the route runs along simple and accessible paths, you can use hiking shoes with a hard sole. As for the clothes, it will depend on the season in which you make the route, but you must not forget that on any date, you should try not to leave arms and legs exposed to the sun.
There are much lighter and fresher clothes. Also, you must use thick hiking socks to avoid chafing and walk comfortably.
Check the weather conditions
Check the general conditions of the territory through which you are going to travel, and it is very important to know if time will be on your side.
There are weather conditions that prevent hiking and others that, although difficult, will be salvageable if you take appropriate measures in terms of equipment. Make sure that the march will not be impeded by the lack of visibility caused by dense fog or torrential rain, and you must also be careful with high temperatures.
Depending on the weather, you may need to carry extra equipment. When it rains, you will need a good raincoat or lightweight ponchos to keep the cold and rain away from your body. Sunglasses are ideal for sunny walks and will save your eyes from sun exposure, even if you plan to walk on snow. Use sunscreen on days or environments with strong sunstroke.
Falls often occur during walks, so you will need a first aid kit to treat cuts, scrapes, and other injuries. You will also need some antihistamine for any allergy or reaction of the body, also some cream against allergic rashes that may occur due to exposure to dust, plants, and animals.
The routes are less crowded, the wildlife is observed with greater tranquility, and the vegetation acquires a range of incredible autumnal colors, unique in the season. Undoubtedly, nature in autumn offers hikers an ideal opportunity to make magnificent walks.
The cooler temperature in the morning becomes warmer with the presence of the sun, which heats the bones and muscles, making it more pleasant to walk in the woods or in the mountains.
Do not forget before hiking in the autumn consult the weather forecast to be prepared for any eventuality. In the autumn, the weather can change rapidly, especially in the mountainous areas, so it will be necessary to take into account the considerable temperature differences between day and night.
These variables must be taken into account when defining the itinerary and the clothes with which to go hiking, but it is also that you will put in the backpack in case it cools, the wind rain, or it rains.
You should not forget to look at the weather in that area before hiking. With somewhat doubtful weather, it is best to postpone the activity for another day, since high mountain clouds can complicate any route.
A basic safety measure is that you do not travel without having previously communicated to family, friends, or acquaintances. They should know the route you are going to take so that, in case of a problem or accident, they can contact the authorities and start a possible rescue or quick location.
Wear appropriate clothing
Not worth any footwear for hiking. And not only should you avoid heels or shoes by pure logic, but also the thin-soled shoes will be very uncomfortable. Ideally, have a shoe suitable for mountain, which has a thick sole, holds the ankle, and is waterproof.
Ankle sprains and slips are the most common accidents when hiking. Equally, the clothes must be adequate, and you have to wear comfortable clothes that allow the movement well and be prepared with some coat in case you are surprised by a change in time.
Hikers should wear different attire depending on the route. But as a general rule, you should wear light, resistant clothing that protects you from the weather. It is convenient that you transport, breathe, and moisture from the skin to the outside.
The cotton fabric is not appropriate, especially in cold conditions, or even very hot, as it absorbs moisture and ends up calming. In very cold environments, protect your head with a hat. You can also use a visor to protect yourself from the sun on sunny days.
A good pair of hiking boots are essential for every hiker. The boots will protect you from the elements and the water, also to very rocky or irregular terrain, they will keep your ankle stable. Also, hiking boots must have an aggressive sole to facilitate walking on difficult surfaces. The shoes, trail, or trekking type, may be appropriate for simpler terrain or in dry environments.
Hiking shoes are made of flexible materials. It allows you to move mainly through terrain where there are light trails. Although lately, the use of slippers in hiking practices has become widespread. Use the boot whose sole is much thicker, usually semi-rigid. Boots withstand winter weather conditions.
They can also be placed basic crampons. With them, the foot will be protected in more complicated and unstable terrain.
Another fundamental characteristic that an autumnal trekking backpack has to have is the impermeability. There are some with cover. Choose those that have several compartments that facilitate access to the different elements that you transport.
Ideally, it should include Camelbak or hydration pack separately, so you can access the canteen quickly. Check that the backpack also has adjustable straps, belt and chest closure, cargo rappel, carrier, and octopus straps to hang items outside.
When choosing the hiking route to be carried out, you will have to take into account that in autumn, the hours of light decrease. Therefore, if the exit is delayed longer than expected, equip yourself with a flashlight or a lamp that illuminates the ground and obstacles.
Twilight can become an unrepeatable opportunity; it will be easier to observe the wild animals that go out to look for food at sunset. It is essential to have in hiking equipment in autumn some elements to guide you, such as compasses, watches, or your own smartphone.
There are useful apps for mobile devices to organize routes and guide you during your tour. It is essential to carry in the backpack not only the necessary equipment to face the sudden darkness, but also the appropriate clothes for the changes of time. You will be prepared for wind, cold and rain, but also for a few hours that can become slightly hot.
Therefore, you will wear thermal and breathable shirts during the central hours of the day. Also, you will wear a polar sweatshirt and a windbreaker or waterproof jacket for cold, rain, or humidity. The convertible pants are more suitable, as they allow the lower part to be removed to be used as shorts during the day.
In the backpack for autumn walks, it is always good to make a hole for gloves, caps, and an isothermal blanket. If everything goes according to plan, maybe there will be things that will not help you, but it’s better to be cautious and throw a series of garments that are light, and that can be useful in the face of temperature drops or the presence of rains.
You must not forget to protect your feet. Fitting the hiking boots unsuitable for your foot and without taking into account the route that you are going to take not only will not allow you to walk with all comfort but will leave sequels on your feet after the walk.
During the autumn routes, it is advisable to opt for hiking shoes that can withstand mud and moisture. If in summer, the essential qualities of this type of boots are breathability and lightness, in autumn, waterproofing and thermal insulation should become the first characteristics to consider when choosing hiking shoes. Ideally, cover up to the ankles and with soles with materials that increase the fixation to the floor, which can be slippery due to moisture.
Map and directions
It is also recommended to carry a map with which to orient yourself. The mobile phone and GPS can fulfill the function, but be careful to trust an electronic device because you run the risk of running out of battery.
Paper never fails you. It can also help us to look at the directions of the road and even take photos for future reference.
By using GPS performs the functions of GPS on an ANDROID equipped with a GPS receiver. Data to be used, which is useful if mountain routes are being made where there is no telephone coverage. The GPS will help you in Position coordinates, and other data are saved. The fluidity of the graphic part depends on the power of the device.
For hiking, it would be advisable to take a map and a mobile device or GPS so that you can review any indication. Always carry a map, although you have technological devices, it will be very useful, since you can always count on it when the battery fails.
Dehydration causes disorientation, in addition to pulls, fainting, fainting, and in extreme cases, until death. For any walk, regardless of its duration or difficulty, you must carry at least a liter and a half of water or isotonic drinks. It is recommended to drink in small doses but continued.
You should never wait to be thirsty. As for food, it is always recommended that you eat something light, also having consumed foods rich in sugars and energy before leaving. You don’t have to make big stops during the route, but the stops of about ten minutes are more indicated.
You will need a good backpack to carry supplies, your equipment, and other necessities. Water bottles are also necessary for any walk. You should stay hydrated during the activity since you lose a lot of water through sweat when physical activity is demanding.
Food should also take up a good amount of space in your bag, just make sure you bring food that is compact, that is not difficult to prepare and that provides energy quickly and efficiently to the body. If you have planned demanding hiking in adverse conditions, you will need your backpack to be suitable for it. Use a stable, waterproof backpack that has a cover to protect it from rain. Take some plastic bags to store the trash during the route.
For the duration of the hiking, the route must be taken into account. For day trips, you can use a 25-liter backpack. If the distance is average or you have to carry more equipment than usual, given the conditions you will find, you will go to a backpack of 30 to 40 liters. For crossings of several days, it is normal to carry a backpack of more than 60 liters.
Benefits of Hiking
In principle, physical activities are beneficial for the integral development of the human being. Moreover, when you talk about the practice of disciplines such as hiking, added to the benefits of sports practice, the links with nature and the enjoyment of the contemplation of beautiful places come together.
Another advantage of hiking is that it can be done with different degrees of intensity. For those who do not have so much practice, they can choose routes suitable for beginners, while the most advanced can take tours with distances that require a certain level of preparation.
For hiking, more intense preparation and excellent physical condition are necessary, as well as knowledge of cartography and the necessary mountain equipment.
Both activities are considered an ecological way of doing tourism, due to the low impact they produce on nature. However, there are some basic rules that must be respected for a harmonious practice of both disciplines.
You must bear in mind that many times, you can reach sites with fragile ecosystems, susceptible to damage. Sometimes marked trails are used, so the risk of accidents or getting lost may be less.
However, as the practice of hiking in more isolated areas, you can be off the beaten track, there are certain additional risks, unfavorable weather conditions or disorientation of mountaineers can create dangerous situations.
Neither for mountaineering nor for hiking is the use of motorized vehicles allowed. The reason for this is that the environment and the elements that compose it should be altered as little as possible. It seems obvious. The search for harmony between hikers and the environment will allow you to enjoy the activity fully.
If you like nature, don’t doubt hiking is the perfect activity for you. You will be surprised by the natural life that may be within walking distance of your town or city if you have mountains near.
You will see lush vegetation that will make you forget for a moment the bustle and gray cement of the city, you will breathe pure air without the pollution of the industries and the exhaust pipes, if you pay enough sure attention you hear the cheerful singing of a bird and, hopefully, you may see an animal in the area.
Also, if you have a tent and sleeping bags, you can enjoy nature in all its splendor both day and night.
Discover the wonderful corners far from the view of the majority, that clearing in the middle of the forest, that lonely rock that you will not hesitate to upload to take a picture. That small pond with crystalline waters that with some luck has fish. Each new excursion, you will discover beautiful landscapes. Even repeating the route, you will notice things that you had not seen before or explored new corners and roads that will take you to new and wonderful places.
Apart from being a sport with all the benefits that implies. Hiking is a good way to have a good time with friends and family, talk relaxedly, and strengthen ties with your loved ones.
With hiking, you strengthen relationships with yours. But not only that, but you also have the possibility of making new relationships with other walkers that you cross during your journey or that coincide with them in the rest or breaks you make during the journey.
If you are an outgoing person without a doubt on many occasions when you go hiking, you will make new friendships with other nature lovers like you, take the opportunity to know their favorite routes and sign them up for future trips.
In general, hiking does not require great preparation. That is because it is a sport that adapts to the rhythms and demands of each one.
Perhaps this is one of the reasons why it has become so fashionable, and there are more and more hiking enthusiasts. Whether you are starting or if you are an expert in this sport, there are some techniques that will help you find your rhythm and make your routes in a responsible and safe way.
There are routes for inexperienced and routes for people highly prepared, with a high level of difficulty that requires good physical preparation. The average difficulty involves a longer time horizon, with the possibility of spending more than one night camped.
You can find some steep slopes and travel time forces you to take a backpack with more weight, to bring everything you need to stay overnight in the field. For a high difficulty route, it is necessary to have previous experience and a minimum of physical preparation.
It is necessary to have a full team that includes, among other things, tent, sleeping bag, heaters, plenty of food, if possible, and if the ground is not known, to have an experienced guide in the area.
While hiking is done by wild and unmarked roads or directly by where the road does not exist, and usually with a relatively high degree of difficulty, other modalities such as hiking work differently.
Hiking is a type of climbing that involves greater physical effort; the routes by extending the walks do not exist as such and are the hikers who create or find. Hiking is an ideal activity to practice in conjunction with other ecotourism activities.
With respect to the degree of difficulty and the ways in which it develops. Hiking is a relaxing activity with simple and enjoys the moments. The main purpose of hiking is connecting people with the natural environment and rural areas and cultures.
The necessary equipment for hiking is varied and depends on the difficulty of the trail. The main elements are a water bottle, enough liquid depending on the walk, Solar protection, cap, sunglasses, and sunscreen.
There is definitely nothing better than spending a few days surrounded by nature alone and traveling long distances during the day to camp at night, but to fully enjoy this type of activities there are some essential things you should not forget.
Any type of trip must be planned in advance, and the first thing is to choose the destination of the trip. Having the type of trail and the place where you will do the hiking, you should know what the best time of the year to go to that place, since there are places where it is better to go in summer or autumn, always avoiding the rainy season to carry out these outdoor sports is.
Also, to the weather, wildlife activity must also be taken into account at each time of the year and thus avoid inconvenience with wild animals.
You can regulate the intensity of hiking, increasing and reducing the pace of ascent and descent, and choosing more or less demanding routes.
Also, you can prepare your muscles, adapting your body to get the most out of your mountain trips. When you descend, you work mainly the quadriceps, while ascending you use hamstrings and buttocks fundamentally and pull of kidneys, so it is important to perform exercises to strengthen the legs, you tone the middle or abdominal area well.
Hiking becomes long when you reach distances of more than 50 km, although some experienced hikers consider this distance as a short walk. Others think that managing to travel hundreds of kilometers during several months of travel is ideal.
The important thing is that the route is short or long, you feel good, strong, and satisfied with achieving the goal you set and your mental and physical health benefits you.
If you have made the decision and your mind has this goal, you can look for classic, well-known paths. Find someone in the same situation, with the same objective, people who will accompany and encourage you during the tour. Some routes can last several months, and others will be shorter. It all depends on your goals and desires.
Those who apparently walk alone along the most popular long trails are usually not. In these paths, a wonderful social scenario develops; A subculture for calling it that. The experience of meeting new and interesting people, creating friendships, bonds of solidarity, and company, when experiencing moments of adversity and joy, will be very common in these routes. So if you go alone, you really will never be.
If you are thinking of hiking with friends, relatives, or your spouse, think about it very well. Be very aware and realistic, analyzing if your relationship with this person or with your group of friends is strong enough to withstand the tests and small inconveniences that will surely arise for several weeks or even several months on the path.
If you decide to be accompanied, the long journey will be a reason for success or also a reason for distancing. It will be a space to really get to know each other and see all the reactions to unexpected challenges, long days of walking, and long nights in unknown places.
It all depends on how you look at it and the planning you have done. Also, how willing you are to face inclement weather, your level of resistance, the equipment you wear, and the attitude you have.
With these considerations, you think that many long paths cross cities with medical services and all the other comforts of civilization. There you can always take a break and stay a few nights in a hotel. Also on some trails, there is a network of people who can give you help, advice, cover some of your needs and even offer goodies to recover energy.
Whenever you go to a route in your car, try to park it in the places enabled for it that are usually found at the entrances of the villages. A good tip to save on gas and to pollute less and occupy less space in the parking of the routes is to meet the people you go.
Read more: 6 Best Items of GoPro HERO Brands of 2019
Control the water you drink. There are always some of those who go that usually go somewhat less prepared, so it will be your turn to give them water too. Ration to have throughout the tour if necessary. Be very attentive to guide you along the route in case you go on long, medium, or large routes.
Enjoy the route in every way. If you are a photography lover, take your photos. If you like to observe nature, you will be able to see animals, geological elements, etc. and if you simply adore the countryside, enjoy it, talk with the people you meet on the road, and enjoy the hiking.
The current pace of life is stress, pollution, and in general, all the negative connotations of living in big cities leads you to seek, increasingly, contact with nature, fresh air, and moderate physical exercise.
Hiking is practically available to anyone with a minimum of physical fitness and who does not have a limitation that prevents them from walking normally. One of the best things about hiking is that you can start from the most basic level, routes of few kilometers and with hardly any unevenness, to several-day treks through the most impressive mountains on the planet.
You put the limits. Hiking is excellent for keeping fit, being in touch with nature, and forging close friendships. The beauty of the landscapes during autumn and winter and the absence of heat are the main reasons to launch into the mountains at this time, but it is convenient to prepare very well to cope with the cold, snow, rain, and wind.
Those who begin or are still not used to traveling the roads are the ones who can benefit the most from the guide. The fundamental thing is to have the best possible equipment, which allows you to wear lighter clothes and not carry the backpack in excess.
Autumn is a wonderful season for hiking. In fact, it is probably the best time to walk, thanks to the unique colors of the landscapes, the still mild temperatures, and the routes are less crowded. However, you must not forget that autumn is a transition season and, therefore, can sometimes play tricks on less experienced hikers. As in spring, when you decide to organize an outing in the fall, you must be prepared for any sudden changes in time, be it rain or a temperature drop.
Therefore, it is better to do hiking routes or walks some specific tips taking into account the particularities of autumn. Keep in mind that hiking has a high accident rate, perhaps due to excessive self-confidence of hikers. If you want to go hiking routes in autumn with the greatest security, do not hesitate to equip yourself with hiking.