With 5G rolling out as one of the biggest and influencing technologies, there is going to be a huge impact on our lives. It would be more like a revolution in technology and might influence our perspective towards the usage of technology.
Like every technology coming out and developing this is also said to be faster of course and lower latency. But we would have to wait a little more and it is still the testing and developmental phase.
5G is not only assumed to give rise to the mobile networks but also would be used to interconnect devices and also control them. From driving cars to home appliances to your smartphones, literally, everything could be controlled by this awesome technology. But rolling it out and making it work will require a lot of companies to work together whether they reduce mobile phones or they make cars.
- 1 What basically is 5G?
- 2 Technical explanation of 5G
- 3 When are we seeing 5G rolling out?
- 4 How 5G works?
- 5 Hardware
- 6 Reasons why 5G will innovate our future
- 6.1 1. Enhanced broadband
- 6.2 2. Multimedia and Entertainment
- 6.3 3. Autonomous vehicles
- 6.4 4. Smart Planning
- 6.5 5. IoT technology
- 6.6 6. Healthcare
- 6.7 7. Remote device control
- 6.8 8. Smart homes
- 6.9 9. Drone Operation
- 6.10 10. Logistics and shipping
- 6.11 11. Public security and infrastructure
- 6.12 12. Smart cities
- 7 Best 5G upcoming phones 2019
- 7.1 1. Samsung Galaxy S10
- 7.2 Key features
- 7.3 2. Samsung Galaxy Fold
- 7.4 Key features
- 7.5 3. LG V50 ThinQ
- 7.6 Key features
- 7.7 4. ZTE Axon 10 Pro
- 7.8 Key features
- 7.9 5. Huawei Mate X
- 7.10 Key features
- 7.11 6. Huawei Mate 20X
- 7.12 Key features
- 7.13 7. Xiaomi Mi MIX 3
- 7.14 Key features
- 7.15 8. Oppo Reno
- 7.16 Key features
What basically is 5G?
To understand 5G on a basic level, you can say it is the fifth generation of cellular networking. It is basically an upgraded version which came after 4G/LTE, which became before 3G. With this, you are going to experience faster downloading and uploading speeds. Plus 5G will decrease the time devices take to communicate with each other wireless networks, which in other words is called Latency.
Technical explanation of 5G
Here is an explanation to understand 5G from a technical point of view. The common perspective is of course that it is faster than the previous 4G or LTE, but 5G is more than just being faster.
To reach that kind of high speeds, an interconnection and utilization of different technologies are needed which are carrier aggregation, multiple antenna arrays (MIMO and Massive MIMO, new, higher frequency spectrum bands.
The most talked about aspect is the millimeter wave frequencies, which will be higher in the 5G than the cellular networks used before and of course will be offering with much more speed than the previous ones used. Plus they have a very short range or wavelength so they can easily through the walls and concrete buildings as well.
When are we seeing 5G rolling out?
Well as said by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project, which is the standards body that is helping to define what 5G is, we might be seeing 5G in 2019. But that depends on where you live because the 5G is already rolling ours as a test in the major cities.
So if you live there, all you would need to do is connect to it and enjoy the blazing speed. But its implication around the whole country will, of course, be needing a couple of years.
How 5G works?
The spectrum used by 5G are of three different kinds unlike LTE, and though do not seem to be so crucial they do influence our usage of everyday.
Low band spectrum
Low band spectrum may also be defined as sub 1 GHz spectrum. It is becoming exhausted at a higher rate and is used fundamentally by the carriers for LTE in America.
The great flaw in the low band spectrum is that the peak speed just goes up to 100 Mbps. While the perk of having the low band spectrum would be that it provides great penetration and offers a bigger coverage area. when it comes to low band spectrum T mobile is one of the biggest names.
Mid-band spectrum is, of course, better than low band spectrum when it comes to coverage and latency. Mid-band provides coverage and less latency. The peak speed in this would be up to 1 Gbps. But the penetration level is way less.
A major amount of unused mid-band spectrum is owned by Sprint. Massive MIMO is used by Sprint for the increment in the coverage area. To improve the service of 5G, the Sprint uses Beamforming.
High band spectrum
the high band spectrum is also named as mmW
Ave. Most people would think of this when it comes to 5G. As compared to the low and mid-band spectrum, the high band spectrum offers the least latency.
The peak speeds provided by the high band could be up to 10 Gbps which is, of course, greater than the other two previously described. But the major set back of it would be its low penetration power for buildings and a low coverage area could also be a great drawback.
The carriers working on rolling out of the high band are T Mobile, AT&T, and Verizon. These three are working on the building of a 5G network around the Globe.
Carriers are those bodies which will be providing you the 5G. Surprisingly, every carrier has a different strategy to make the 5G work and roll it out. The kind of 5G you will experience is greatly dependent on whose the carrier providing you what that service.
A very calculated and careful approach has been taken by T-Mobile. It is not aiming to be the first to provide the 5G, instead, it is trying to provide a better service and more coverage area.
Though it was announced that they would be providing 5G in almost 30 cities at the start of 2018, it did not turn out to be as planned. By the mid of 2019, they have only been able to provide 5G in six cities near 5G areas of course. It plans to provide nationwide by the end of 2020.
T-Mobile is making use of the high band spectrum though it was thought that it would be depending upon the low band spectrum.
Verizon is trying to be the first to roll out the 5G and while trying to accelerate in the race it had already launched the pre-standard fixed 5G in October 2018.
Verizon is making use of high band spectrum which is mmWave which means that they will be providing blazing speeds. They will be riding on LTE for years to come.
Sprint though is not planning to win the race to deploy the 5G first, but it has started to deploy its 5G technology. Sprint will initially use the mid-band spectrum which is the same one used for the 4G bu the carrier.
The Sprint and T-Mobile are merging up which they claimed to good for the economy and the country as well.
AT&T is officially the first carrier to be rolling out true 5G tech and of course, has won the race. It is limiting its service fora selected group of audience initially. It is providing free equipment and service to the group initially for three months before providing to the larger audience.It is making use of high band spectrum like in Verizon.
Qualcomm basically provides modems and processors chipset and are of course an important part of the 5G tech. But they do not actually make phones. It is already working with major companies like Nokia, Oppo, Vivo, HTC, Xiaomi, etc.
Qualcomm recently announced its QTM052 mmWave antennas specifically for phones, which could be a key part of getting ultra-fast 5G internet on our mobile devices.
Samsung has come out with the new Exynos 5100 modem, which Samsung says is fully compatible with the 3GPP’s 5G standard. But still, Samsung hasn’t made any announcement about rolling out a 5G phone.
It is said to support both the low and high band spectrum. It is also said to come up with all the 2G, 3g and 4G networks, all of them in a single chip. All that is needed would a phone who could make use of all this.
Huawei is also in the race of the 5G tech and makes its own processors and modems. The company has announced its Balong 5G01 chipset based on the 3 GPP standards at MWC earlier this year.
Though it has not provided much information but claims to come up with the Kirin chip and also a 5G phones.
Motorola is kind of the first one that is the closest to come out with the 5G phone. Moto Z3 does not support the 5G tech. But they are promising to get the assistance of Verizon’s upcoming 5G network.
LG has announced to be working with the Sprint for its upcoming 5G phone which should be released around mid-2019. But that would be all of the information provided by them, so do not know much about it until the phone is on the market.
Xiaomi has partnered up with the Qualcomm and has already announced the 5G tech in their upcoming phone. Though they have not mentioned the time whenever it will release it will be featuring the 5G network.
Reasons why 5G will innovate our future
5G will completely change our way of connecting to people, dealing with business and a lot more as it is going to be better and amazing in every way from the previous one which is of course 4G.
5G will be the next level in everything in comparison to 4G. It will bring us a decrease in latency, it will have a huge data capacity. Most of all blazing speeds which most people crave for these days.
5G will prove to be a next step in discovering new technologies which are under development such as Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality. Plus it will prove to be more efficient and also help us explore the future of automation as well.
Here are some reasons why and how 5G is going to crucial in the upcoming future:
1. Enhanced broadband
By changing or shifting from using to 4G to be making use of 5G will greatly affect how technology is used by us on a daily basis. In addition to this being able to use 5G, other than just interacting with technology, holds a very fundamental purpose as well.
If we will be wanting to continue making use of mobile broadband, 5G will be absolutely crucial for that purpose.
In the major bustling metropolitan areas, Carriers failing to provide the LTE capacity. People have already been facing the problem of the servers going down and of course, the snail-paced speeds make the working more annoying and exhausting, in some of the cities.
5G has been including a great of spectrum in the bands that have not been employed for the commercial broadband traffic.
2. Multimedia and Entertainment
According to some of the stats found by analysts, video streaming and downloading is where most of the mobile internet is used. By making use of 5G you will be enjoying the superb quality of Virtual Reality on your smartphones along with the crystal clear audio.
By the utilization of 5G, the industry that will have most of its perks will, of course, be the entertainment industry. You will be able to approach the HD TVs on your phones with high definition.
After the employment of 5G, there will be an amazing change in the streaming of the videos. You will be able to enjoy a very high picture quality with greater resolution.
5G is awesome enough to power the great experience of Augmented and Virtual Reality as a low latency is required for the HD videos used by VR and AR.
5G will also boost up your gaming experience as most of the companies are investing in virtual gaming. It will provide a high-quality gaming experience with high speed of internet.
3. Autonomous vehicles
For the future of autonomous cars, 5G is going to be very essential. In the future, your vehicle should be able to communicate with other cars on the road, detect the hindrance and deal with the smart signs, follow precise maps too.
To make sure about the protection and security of the passengers sitting in the autonomous cars, a huge amount of transmission and processing of data will be required which is only possible by making use of 5G. 5G will capable of reaching the blazing speed required, the low latency and of course the providing the capacity.
One of the greatest advantage of having autonomous cars in the future will be that we will be able to save time and do work. As people who were initially drivers will now become passengers they will be able to do things or either take rest, with the time saved by the cars. Also, pollution will be reduced and the security will be enhanced.
4. Smart Planning
For the perfect future planning and smart agricultural techniques, we will be employing 5G in most of the things required in our daily lives. Farmers will be able to track down their animals and also will be able to manage them by utilizing smart RFID sensors and GPS technology.
Smart sensors can be used for irrigation control, access control, and energy management.
5. IoT technology
In order to connect billions of more devices to the internet, 5G will be providing a foundation for it as the Internet of Things is already speeding up. A big chance will be provided to the hardware manufacturers by the increasing quantity of IoT devices in houses but the future lies IoT devices.
Various range of sectors which include manufacturing, agriculture, and retail will be transformed and reshaped by the employment of this technology.
The sensors owned by us can communicate with each other but they require great resources and LTE data capacity is quickly being exhausted. By the communication of these sensors and smart devices, we will be able to empower the IoT, by using the low latency provided by 5G.
MTC devices will be needing fewer resources as compared to the smart devices available in the market these days. These MTC devices are more efficient as these devices can connect to a single base station.
With the utilization of this powerful network, the healthcare industry will have to blend all the operations with it. Smart medical devices, Internet of medical things, smart analytics, and high definition medical imaging technologies, will empower the healthcare industry with the usage of 5G.
Hospitals and ambulances will be able to take essential steps to diagnose and treat, in case of an emergency. Plus in critical situations will get alerts. During the emergency, we could keep a check on the patient’s activity and activate alerts by making use of smart devices.
By using precise tracking devices or certain tags, patients with certain needs could be tracked down.
7. Remote device control
Remote control and heavy machinery will come to life and will be part of reality as 5G has very low latency. 5G will enable the professionals with specialized skills to command and take charge of the machinery around the world, though the fundamental objective is the reduction of environmental pollution.
8. Smart homes
Smart home appliances and products are becoming into the market these days. For the connecting of the device and also keeping a check and managing applications, smart homes make use of the 5G network.
Smart home appliances can be set and accessed from places very far away. For protection and security purposes you can also use closed-circuit cameras which will be providing very high-quality videos.
9. Drone Operation
Drones are started to become the center of attention as they can perform various operation from entertainment, video capturing, medical and emergency access, smart delivery solutions, security, and surveillance, etc.
In order to perform multiple operations, the drone will be empowered and be aided by the high-speed internet which will be provided by the 5G network. In the case of natural disasters, humans become limited and their hands become tied as they have limited access to the destroyed areas where help is needed. In these kinds of situations, drones become handy as they can easily reach places and collect important information too.
10. Logistics and shipping
The usage and applications of 5 G are pretty extended. 5 G can also be employed in the logistics and shipping industry. the smart 5 G technology can be used for goods tracking, fleet management, centralized database management, staff scheduling, and real-time delivery tracking and reporting.
11. Public security and infrastructure
In order to operate and function productively and in a more organized way, cities and other municipalities can make use of 5 G. By using 5G tracking of usage remotely can be done effortlessly by companies.
In case the street light goes out or the flood, sensors will quickly notify the public works departs. Surveillance cameras can also be installed quickly and at a lower cost by the municipalities.
12. Smart cities
The usage of a 5G wireless network can control a lot of the problems of the big cities and manage them as well. Smart city application like traffic management, Instant weather update, local area broadcasting, energy management, smart power grid, smart lighting of the street, water resource management, crowd management, emergency response, etc. can be empowered by the employment of 5 G network.
By the regulation of energy consumption, the smart building will be able to do business more efficiently. Companies will be able to target their customers more directly by making use of smart billboards.
The 5G-based infrastructure that smart cities will be built on is set to offer a wide range of opportunities for forward-thinking businesses.
Best 5G upcoming phones 2019
Phones capable of supporting 5G right are not very common, in fact, they are rare. These smartphones can only be used in a few locations around the globe. They can only give their best performance when connected to the 5G network.
Here is a list of the best upcoming phones that make use of the 5G network, though might have slight changes throughout but right now, they might be worth it.
Samsung’s first 5G phone is powered by the Qualcomm Snapdragon X50 5G NR modem. It features a very zestful 6.7 inches, vibrant 1,440 x 3,040 pixel AMOLED display. It is also equipped with a powerful 4,500 mAh battery.
It features four rear cameras, two 12 mp, 16 mp, and TOF and two front-facing cameras of 10 mp and TOF. Along with the volume and power buttons, there is a Bixby button present as well.
On the bottom of the phone, there is a single speaker along with with a USB-C and of course a headphone jack too. You have two choices for internal storage, 128 GB and 512 GB. The RAM is too no less than 8GB. Plus you can have a micro SD card of up to 1TB storage.
The Galaxy S10 is available to buy now from US$1,300.
Samsung Galaxy S10 made its debut in the mid of May on Verizon’s network. On 17 June it arrived on AT&T network, later it was offered by Sprint on June 21. The last one to offer Samsung Galaxy S10 was T-Mobile which was on June 28.
- 6.7 inch AMOLED display.
- 8 GB RAM.
- 4500 mAh battery.
- 128 GB or 512 GB ROM.
- Price $1,300.
The experience of Samsung Galaxy Fold is not like other smartphones. Starting with the display screens, It has two screens. The first shows up when you hold the phone folded. This screen is not very big, 4.6-inch Super AMOLED HD screen, But when you unfold the phone you will be amazed by the 7.3-inch Dynamic AMOLED screen with a QXGA+ resolution (2,152 x 1536).
Samsung Galaxy fold does not feature any fingerprint sensor though it is equipped with a basic face to unlock which can be used to unlock. Samsung uses the Android 9.0 plus has a google assistant of course.
Like the Samsung S10, it is also powered by the Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 855 processor. It does not feature the micro SD card slot though so you will not be able to expand storage. But it is equipped with 12 GB of RAM, as well as 512 GB of internal storage.
You will find three rear cameras and two front facing ones. It has a great battery capacity of 4,380 mAh. It was released in the mid of May 2019.
- 7. inch AMOLED display.
- 12 GB RAM and 415 GB ROM.
- 4380 mAh battery.
- 3 Rear and 2 Front facing cameras.
- Price $1,980.
3. LG V50 ThinQ
LG V50 ThinQ body is from Gorilla glass both front and back. It has a IP68 waterproofing and the MIL-STD drop protection as well. As it is featuring 5G so it might need cooling up a bit for which it has a heat and also a vapor so it disperses heart 40 percent faster.
As because of the incorporation of the 5G technology, it features a large 400 mAh battery capacity, and a Quick Charge 3.0 which enables you to charge it up quickly. LG V50 ThinQ is powered by the new Qualcomm Snapdragon 855 paired with X50 modem. It also features a 6.2-inch OLED display with 8.33 mm thickness.
It comes up with triple cameras but you can not judge them by their quality as LG has been putting up some good work. The main camera is 12-megapixel f/1.5 with 1.4µm pixels, with portrait mode grabbing depth information from the other cameras for bokeh effects.
On the front the V50 ThinQ offers two cameras, again giving you portrait modes, as well as 80 and 90-degree cameras, so you can fit a little more in the selfie scene. For audio, it comes with a stereo Boombox speaker, Hi-Fi Quad DAC, and DTS: X 3D Surround. The release date for LG V50 ThinQ on 10 May 2019.
- 6.2 inch OLED display.
- 3 Front facing and 2 Back facing cameras.
- Boombox speakers.
- Qualcomm Snapdragon 855.
- Waterproof and drop proof protection.
- Price $1,000.
ZTE Axon 10 Pro features a 6.47 inches IPS, Full HD+ with 1080 × 2340 Pixels resolution. The smartphone is powered by Qualcomm Snapdragon 855 alongside 6 GB, 2133 MHz, and 128 to 256 GB internal storage.
It fulfills the basic needs of users as it features a micro SD for the expansion of memory plus a headphone jack as well. Coming down to cameras the ZTE Axon 10 Pro has very good quality cameras. The rear camera is of 48 mp and talking about the front facing camera it is of 20 mp for cooler selfies.
The smartphone is equipped with 4,000 mAh Lithium-Polymer which a standby time of 235 hours and a talk time of almost 30 hours. It uses Android 9.0 Pie and supports two SIM cards. It also supports Micro SD card and a Nano SIM card as well.
It features 2.0 USB Type c fast charging plus includes all important sensors. These sensors include Proximity Sensor, Accelerometer, Fingerprint, Ambient Light, and Compass.. The release date was Feb 2019.
- 4000 mAH battery.
- 6.47 inch AMOLED display.
- micro SD expansion.
- 6 GB RAM and 128 to 256 GB ROM.
- 48 mp rear camera and 20 mp front facing the camera.
- Price $470 to $620.
Huawei Mate X also features two screens like the Samsung Galaxy Fold. The front-facing screen is 6.6 inch OLED display with a resolution of 2480 x 1148 and a 19.5:9 aspect ratio. The second screen, however, is a bit short and is of 6.38 inches with a resolution of 2480 x 892 and an aspect ratio with a thickness of 5.4 mm.
The secondary screen also handles some really interesting tasks, including acting as a mirror for when you take a picture of someone. That lets them see exactly what they are going to look like before a picture is taken.
The Huawei Mate X is powered by Kirin 980 processor, the Belong 5000 modem and also features Leica lenses. The smartphone also offers a 40-megapixel wide angle lens, 16-MP ultra wide angle lens, and 8-MP telephoto shooter.
The Huawei Mate X has two batteries which add up to 4,500 mAh and also supports fast charging. It can supercharge up to 85 percent in 30 minutes time. It also supports dual SIM card one with 5G enables and the second could support 4G or 3G or 2G as well. It was released in the mid of May 2019.
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- 6.6 inch OLED display.
- Kirin 980 processor.
- Balong 5000 modem chipset.
- 4,500 mAh battery capacity.
- Three camera lens set up.
- Price $2,600.
The Huawei Mate 20X features a big 7.2 inch OLED display made fully of glass from both front and back and has a thickness of 8.2 mm. It is also dust and water resistant.
It competes with Samsung Galaxy Fold in so many ways. It features stereo speakers which are enhanced with Dolby Atmos. It is powered by the Android Pie software.
It also features three separate cameras are joined by a dual-tone LED flash, and each of those three cameras serves a purpose. There’s a 40-megapixel primary camera, joined by the ultra-wide 20-megapixel secondary lens and the telephoto 8-megapixel camera that offers up to five times zoom.
It is also equipped with 4200 mAh battery and is powered by Huawei Balong 5000 7 nm 5G chipset. It was launched on 2nd May 2019.
- 7.2 inch OLED display.
- 8.2 mm in thickness.
- Water and dust proof.
- Android 9.0 Pie.
- 4200 battery capacity.
- Huawei Balong 5000 7 nm 5G chipset.
- Price $1,200.
The new sliding Xiaomi Mi MIX 3 features a 6.39-inch AMOLED display with a resolution of 2340 x 1080 and an aspect ratio of 19.5:9 in a ceramic casing. It is powered by Snapdragon 845 chipset paired with an entry 6GB RAM.
It has a massive RAM of 10 GB. It also features a dedicated button for Google Assistant. The Xiaomi Mi MIX 3 is equipped with 3800 mAh battery capacity. It also supports 10W wireless charging. It makes use of MIUI 10 software over Android Pie 9.0.
Talking about the cameras, it has a set up of dual cameras of 12 mp and the front facing camera is of 24MP and uses Sony’s IMX576 sensor to help create detailed shots. It also possesses a hybrid cooling system.
- 6.39-inch AMOLED display.
- Snapdragon 845 chipset.
- The dual camera setup of 12 mp and front facing camera of 24 mp.
- Supports wireless charging.
- 3800 mAh battery capacity.
- Price $700–$850.
8. Oppo Reno
Oppo Reno is made up of glass on both front and back sides. It has a 6.6 inch AMOLED display with a resolution of 1080 x 2340 resolution and an aspect ratio of 19.5:9 ratio. It is equipped with USB Type C a single speaker and the SIM card slot all present at the bottom of the phone.
It is an Android based phone which makes use of Android Color OS system. In the latest version of Color OS, you get the option to have an app drawer, rather than just a series of home screens with app icons strewn across them. It also has a 3.55 mm audio jack.
Oppo Reno is powered by the latest Qualcomm processor, the Snapdragon 855, which is paired with either 6GB or 8GB RAM depending on the model you go for and a 256 GB internal storage. So the Oppo also has a thick battery capacity of 4,065 mAh.
Rather than making use of the company’s awesome 50W Super VOOC flash charging that can charge a battery to full in 35 minutes, Oppo has gone for the third-gen 20W VOOC charging. Oppo Reno has a triple camera set up. It includes a 48 MP main sensor, a 13 MP telephoto lens, and an 8 MP wide-angle lens — plus 10x lossless zoom.
Oppo Reno also features OPPO’s intelligent assistant Breeno and has an under-the-screen fingerprint sensor.
- 6.6 inch AMOLED display.
- 6 GB or 8 GB RAM.
- Snapdragon 855 chipset.
- 4,065 mAh battery capacity.
- Triple camera setup.
- Price $1,000.